WEDNESDAY, JUNE 20
The Impact of World War I on Today’s Conflicts
The first day of Lillehammer Dialogue City is a look to the past, with a day of commemoration. 2018 marks 100 years since the end of World War I. In 1918, after four years of war, Europe was left in ruins. Millions of young men were slaughtered in the battlefields across Europe while thousands disappeared across the seas. The old European order had fallen. What can WWI teach us about how we address current conflicts? What is the impact of WWI in our time?
The Commemoration Day is organized by the Inland University for Applied Sciences and Nansen Center for Peace and Dialogue.
- The Impact of WWI on Today´s Conflicts – keynote speech
- WWI and Norway – neutral but not aloof
- The War that Changed the Middle East – a legacy of instability
- The Russian Revolution – the collapse of an empire and the rise of a new world order
- The League of Nations – a world of new norms and failed diplomacies
- WWI Commemoration Ceremony – in memory of 2,000 Norwegian sailors
THE IMPACT OF WORLD WAR I ON TODAY’S CONFLICTS
2018 marks 100 years since the end of WWI – a war that left Europe with the heavy toll of millions of lives lost, newly established borders and depleted economies. Our keynote speakers will shed light on the importance of learning from the past and the dangers of not doing so.
WWI AND NORWAY – NEUTRAL BUT NOT ALOOF
What are the similarities of the economic benefits as seen in WWI with the profiteers of conflicts and wars today? How did Norway benefit economically and politically by being a neutral ally in WWI?
Norway was referred to as “The Neutral Ally” during World War I, given its neutral stance despite leanings toward Britain in economic matters concerning Norway’s shipping fleet and fish supplies. Less than a year into the war, Norway negotiated trade agreements with Great Britain and in April 1917 through the “Tonnage Agreement”, Norway gave Britain full control over the Norwegian Merchant Fleet.
THE WAR THAT CHANGED THE MIDDLE EAST – A LEGACY OF INSTABILITY
Globally, the Middle East is currently both the source and the recipient of the largest number of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) as millions of people have been displaced by war and conflict.
The Middle East’s instability has its roots in the battles fought across the Middle East and the eventual defeat of Turkey’s Ottoman Empire at the close of World War I. A century later, the instability of these former Turkish territories remains one of the clearest legacies of World War I. Can we trace the origin of some of today’s problems to the tragedies of the past?
THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION – THE COLLAPSE OF AN EMPIRE AND THE RISE OF A NEW ORDER
The dire effects of World War I in Russia, with nearly 2 million Russian soldiers killed, another 5 million wounded and the collapse of its economy gave rise to the Russian Revolution in 1917. Was the collapse of the Russian Empire the main determinant for a century of wars and conflicts across the globe?
THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS – A WORLD OF NEW NORMS AND FAILED DIPLOMACIES
Why did the League of Nations fail to create peace? What could have been done differently?
The League of Nations was founded in 1920 during the Paris Peace Conference that ended WWI. It was the first-ever international organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace and prevent wars. A set of 14 principles were designed to remove the causes of another great war and to provide a forum where disputes could be discussed and mediated. Despite this effort, the League of Nations was unable to prevent another great war and almost three decades later, the League of Nations was replaced by the United Nations (UN).
WWI COMMEMORATION CEREMONY
In memory of 2000 Norwegian sailors who perished in World War I
2018 marks 100 years since the end of World War I. Millions of people lost their lives, including over 2,000 Norwegian sailors. World War I has had a large impact on many of today’s conflicts, including where Norway is involved through humanitarian aid, development, military and political work.
In an official ceremony to mark the end of WWI, the City of Lillehammer, the County of Oppland and the Nansen Center for Peace and Dialogue will host a ceremony to remember those who perished.
The commemoration will take place at Kulturhuset Banken in Lillehammer. Representatives from the Royal Family and the Parliament will be in attendance, in addition to representatives from the Ministry of Defense and regional and local authorities. The commemoration will end with the unveiling of a plaque to mark the 100 years since the end of World War I.